Description: In 1939 there were ten million Jews in Europe. After Hitler there were four million. Today in 1996 there are under two million. On current projections the Jews will become virtually extinct as a significant element in European society over the course of the twenty-first century. Now, in the first comprehensive social and political history of the experience and fate of European Jews during the last fifty years, Bernard Wasserstein sheds light on the reasons for this dire demographic projection, and argues that survival for European Jews ultimately will depend on choices they themselves make to reverse the trends of imbalanced death-to-birth ratio, jettisoned religious observance, and loss of cultural distinctiveness. This often painful story of destruction, irreparable loss, and the shattering of ties thus serves as a wake-up call, and a dramatic warning.